The Pomeranian Breed
Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed. Like all breeds there may be some health issues. As with other toy dogs, Pomeranians can be prone to trouble with the knees in their hind legs (patella luxation). This breed is also noted to have alopecia (abnormal hair loss) with unknown cause. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Pomeranians are healthy dogs.
Luxating patellas (knees that slip out of place) are the most common problem in the Pomeranian breed. The knees are graded according to the OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals). Normal knees are, of course the most desirable, but Grades One and Two are common and not unusual in toy breeds. Grades Three and Four may require surgery, sometimes early on in the dog’s life. Be sure to check the knees of any prospective puppy.
Heart problems can range from very slight to life threatening. We have not had any known heart issues with any of our studs or bitches and we do guarantee health for the first year of the puppies life. Do keep mind that some heart issues occur later in life and are common in toy dogs.
Hypoglycemia can occur in young Pomeranians and is the condition of having low blood sugar, which results in syptoms that mostly relate to an affected dog's energy level. It is more common in the very small or very active puppies.
Symptoms usually begin mildly with signs of low energy, but the condition can progress to more dangerous symptoms quickly if left untreated. Sometimes these symptoms come and go, while other times they are persistent. If you spot the following signs, take to the vet immediately: lethargy, slow response, weakness, loss of coordination, increased thirst or urination, decreased or increased appetite, excessive weight gain, muscle spasms, trembling, irregular heart rate or breathing, paralysis of hind legs, seizures, blindness, collapse or unconsciousness.
Treatment aims to restore appropriate glucose (sugar) levels in the blood stream. It is important to act fast if your puppy has any of the above symptoms. If the puppy is awake, give it Nutri-cal or Karo syrup by mouth. You should see signs of improvement within 30 minutes. If there is no improvement, call your vet.
Prevention is key. Allow only 30 minutes of play at a time and do not allow the puppy to overtire or be over handled at first. This includes supervising your puppy when with children and making sure it is getting enough rest. Feed your puppy a high quality diet and make sure there is always water available. For the first week you have your new puppy you may give it a 1/2 teaspoon of Nutri-cal or Karo syrup in the morning and evening to help prevent the low blood sugar that many come with the excitement and stress of going to a new home.
There is a development phase that almost all adolescent Pomeranian puppies go through which commonly referred to as the "puppy uglies". This is the time between Pomeranian puppy-hood and adulthood. This starts around 3 to 4 months and diminishing around 6-8 months. During this development phase the puppy's coat starts to thin out and look scruffy, coupled with a growth spurt causes the "puppy uglies." After about 6 to 8 months this phase begins to end and your Pomeranian's coat, face development and musculature begin to enter the adult stage and "puppy uglies" will transform into a beautiful new coat. The inner-coat will grow first and then the coarse guard hairs will follow as the Pomeranian matures at 8 to 12 months. At the year mark you should have a pretty good idea of what your puppy is going to look like as an adult. This whole process may repeat between 12 to 16 months. Pomeranians do not receive their full adult coat until they are around 2 years of age. Male Pomeranians will shed their coat about once a year and female Pomeranians will 'blow' their coat about 2-3 months after each cycle (about the time they would have weaned their pups). They WILL regain their beautiful coat once again and it may even be more lovely!
To help keep your Pomeranian's thick coat free of mats, we suggest brushing it regularly. This will also help to keep your home free of big clumps of hair.